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* National Authority For Tunnels :

Cairo is the first highly populated city in Middle-East and Africa as well and the seventh among the world cities. Its transportation had suffered a grave negligence as a result of many circumstances and conditions, including without limitation, the three wars which exhausted Egypt's resources over 30 years and the overpopulation which increases year by year to reach over 15 million people, in addition to at least 2 million people come in and out Cairo every day whether to work or to do anything else, so a remarkable improvement in Transportation Means Service, other than the regular Public Transport Buses System, was expected to meet the demands of this overpopulation but nothing was done, so Transportation  problem was aggravated.

 
Copyright © National Authority for Tunnels 2013

In the late fifties of the twenty century, the planning to execute Metro projects was commenced; so many studies were done in the sixties and seventies by international experts who recommended executing Metro projects to avoid the heavy traffic in Greater Cairo. But due to the negative political and economic circumstances which Egypt suffered from during this period, the decision to execute such projects was hard to be taken.

The Government tried to solve the Heavy traffic problem by constructing bridges and tunnels thereunder but it was inadequate, so the execution of Metro lines was necessarily needed.

* Social and economic feasibility of the metro projects :
 

Metro projects are not only speedy, comfortable and safe Mass Transport means but also have positive impacts on the society as a rule, such as:

1- Relieving the heavy traffic on the surface by decreasing the trip times of the other transport means, which will help to save a lot of time and increase the national economy of Egypt.
2- Improving the economic and social standards in the areas metro lines pass by.
3- Preserving environment and people health by using clean electric energy helps to reduce environment pollution and noise.
4-Reducing the relying on the State budget concerning the imported materials and equipment, no more than 40% of the project cost, used in the project and giving the local materials and equipment the priority, more than 60 % of the project cost, which helps to decrease the relying on the foreign market and foreign currency and increase the relying on the Egyptian market.

5-Creating over 15 thousand job opportunities for the Egyptian labor, directly, during the  execution and operation of the project, and manufacturing local materials and equipment to be used in the project, indirectly, and also giving the local companies the opportunity to take share in the project.

6-Adjusting the special specifications of the project to help local companies taking part in the project such as: the international contract concluded between the Japanese Mitsubishi company and the Egyptian Semaf company to manufacture all Metro vehicles, all kinds of electrical cables, metal cables carriers, electrical distribution boards, cement, iron, pipes, ceramics (PVC), granite, and lighting units in the Egyptian companies.
7- Renewing all the public utilities networks pass by the metro route and making sure that all the other utilities are being in action properly after executing the project.
8-Participating in reclaiming the agricultural lands by means of the soil remains left after boring the tunnels.
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Difficulties faced
metro projects