Cairo is the first highly populated city in Middle-East and Africa as well and the seventh among the world cities. Its transportation had suffered a grave negligence as a result of many circumstances and conditions, including without limitation, the three wars which exhausted Egypt's resources over 30 years and the overpopulation which increases year by year to reach over 15 million people, in addition to at least 2 million people come in and out Cairo every day whether to work or to do anything else, so a remarkable improvement in Transportation Means Service, other than the regular Public Transport Buses System, was expected to meet the demands of this overpopulation but nothing was done, so Transportation problem was aggravated.
In the late fifties of the twenty century, the planning to execute Metro projects was commenced; so many studies were done in the sixties and seventies by international experts who recommended executing Metro projects to avoid the heavy traffic in Greater Cairo. But due to the negative political and economic circumstances which Egypt suffered from during this period, the decision to execute such projects was hard to be taken.
The Government tried to solve the Heavy traffic problem by constructing bridges and tunnels thereunder but it was inadequate, so the execution of Metro lines was necessarily needed.
Metro projects are not only speedy, comfortable and safe Mass Transport means but also have positive impacts on the society as a rule, such as:
5-Creating over 15 thousand job opportunities for the Egyptian labor, directly, during the execution and operation of the project, and manufacturing local materials and equipment to be used in the project, indirectly, and also giving the local companies the opportunity to take share in the project.